- integration with charting
- computer-based generation of decision support
- automatic provision of decision support as part of workflow
- provision at time and location of decision making
- request documentation of reason for not following recommendation
The integration with charting is pretty easy for simple recommendations. For example, I made a template for the GAC recommendations for sinusitis. It has checkboxes for symptoms, and a text box for recommendations (copied and pasted from the website). I had a patient with sinusitis, loaded the template, and showed her the recommendations (no XRs, no antibiotics). These can just be saved to the clinical record, since the amount of writing on the record doesn't really matter anymore. I guess that takes care of point 3 and point 4 as well.
I copied and pasted below a slightly more complicated template I made to help me with the management of patients with chest pain. I used a "history builder", which is where you click on snippets of phrases to put them in the record, then a table, a textbox, and a drop-down list (the table didn't format properly when I copied it for here):
|chest pain||Patient complains of retrosternal chest pain; The pain is worse with exercise or stress; Patient states pain is better with rest or NTG.|
|number of symptoms 3|
|Risk of heart disease|
|Risk of heart disease (%) 76|
|Risk <20%: observe, reduce risk factors|
Risk 20%-80%: cardiac stress test, unless contraindications
Risk >80%: refer, stress test for prognosis, consider angiogram
|Test chosen: Cardiac stress test;|
I think more advanced functions, like context-specific suggestions, will be in EMR ver2. In the meantime, I can use what I already have. I programmed the new Rourke well baby record, using pieces that were in the EMR for the old record. I also pasted the Rourke patient education recommendations to a website. When parents are in, I ask if I can email it to them; they then have access to all the great links from the Rourke. I also printed a copy for a new mom who doesn't use email.
One of my front computers crashed on Tuesday; we had a blue screen with a note to get support. Dell sent a technician to replace the motherboard (didn't work), then the Intel chip and memory (didn't work), and now I think they are going to reload Windows. We are using the laptop as a back-up, so there are still two computers at the front. Some redundancy is good to have.